Silver Gelatin Print Processing Steps

Silver Gelatin PRINT PROCESSING SEQUENCE
the following is just a basic outline, and the process sequence will vary and amplify with more advanced techniques

A. !Always store box of unexposed silver gelatin printing paper fully closed and in the dark! Open only under safe-light conditions

B. Prepare the process solutions and arrange all in sequence of usage with the developer tray farthest from the print washing area. Note: temperatures for all solutions and washes are 68 °F / 20 °C. Use a thermometer. The development time below is for a Developer temperature of 68 °F. Please consult the Time/Temperature Chart for alternative times if temperature varies.

Pour water at 68 °F into about 3L containers. Then use this batch to prepare all the solutions. This way, all your process temperatures are the same.

Volume of solutions per tray
10×12 inch trays is 1000 ml / 12×16 inch trays is 1500 ml

Arrange three trays (developer, stop, fixer) plus one more for rinse and carrying out to wash. Prepare the following mixtures of concentrate + water to make a final volume of 1000ml or 1500ml

These volumes of solution are needed for the following steps and solutions:

Developer – Arista Paper Developer 1 part concentrate + 9 parts water
exhaustion rate: 2 hours or the equivalent of forty 8×10″ prints, whichever comes first

• 100ml concentrate + water to make a final volume of 1000ml or
• 150 ml concentrate + water to make a final volume of 1500ml

Presoak and Stop Bath  – Water
exhaustion rate: fresh for every print

• about 1/2 inch deep, enough to easily immerse the print

Fixer – Ilford Rapid or Hypam Fixer: 1 part concentrate + 4 parts water
exhaustion rate: 2 hours or the equivalent of forty 8×10″ prints, whichever comes first

• 200 ml concentrate + water to make up a final volume of 1000ml
• 300 ml concentrate + water to make up a final volume of 1500ml

Wash  – Water, as instructed

Switch on Safe-Light
Switch off white light

Place signs on outer doors. Close all doors. Check for stray light.

C. Processing, time in minutes:seconds (00:00)

1.     Developer  03:30

Immerse print face-down, constant gentle agitation for 01:00, then flip print face up, then face down and back to face up. From this point, make sure print remains submerged by gently pressing, when necessary, down along its edges with flat surface of tong tip. Agitate gently for about 5 seconds every 30 seconds. Remove and hold up print by one corner to drain for 5 seconds, at 03:25.

2.     Stop Bath, fresh water  00:30

Constant gentle agitation. Remove and hold up print by one corner to drain for 5 seconds, at 00:25.

3.     Fixer  2:00

Constant gentle agitation. Remove and hold up print by one corner to drain for 5 seconds, at 01:25.

4.     Rinse, fresh water  00:30

White Light may used from this point

5.     Wash with fresh water, in five cycles: let print soak in each cycle for 05:00, replacing  with fresh water each time.

6.     Squeege and Dry  2 hours
Very carefully, ensuring that other prints in rack does not contact wet print. Lay face down on rack, loading from topmost rack, and movinc across, then down to next rack.

7.     Clean up the area.

8.    Retrieve and File prints – reflect on prints, update notes and store in print storage folio.

Make Notes
either in pencil on back of print, or, more preferably, detailed notes in notebook with a corresponding number pencilled on the back of the print: any negative information / numbers, time and date of processing, solution temperatures, enlarger height, lens aperture, contrast filter, development time, developer type and concentration, and any other process notes such as dodging and burning.