Art 261 Assignments Spring 2016

1. Film Development – 2. Contact Printing

  1. Film Development – due Jan. 28, 8:00 AM

Read Horenstein ch. 3 and 9, Sheet Film Processing Sequence and the supplementary Horenstein & Hart handout.

Develop each of the six pre-exposed sheets of film in your handout. Process each sheet individually, using Ilfotec HC Film Developer at 1+31 and Ilford Rapid Fixer at 1+4. Follow instructions from the Sheet Film Processing handout. Keep all sheets after processing, even if the negative does not ‘look right’. Remember to write down negative numbers and keep notes. Only proceed to the next stage after succesfully completing a step:

I. Practice in white light.
II. Practice in white light, but with eyes closed.
III. Process the Test sheet.
IV. Process a Normal Exposed sheet at Normal Development (6m 30s).
V. Process a Normal Exposed sheet at Normal Development + 20% (7m 50s).
VI. Process a Normal Exposed sheet at Normal Development – 20% (5m 10s).
VII. Show all four sheets of film to Pradip. Review your processing sequence and time with him.
VIII. Process a Normal+1.5 Exposed sheet at Normal Development (this may be slightly different from 6m 30s, after reviewing in previous step).
IX. Process a Normal-1.5 Exposed sheet at Normal Development (same as in step VIII).
X. Look at all the negatives. Write a summary of observations, with specific responses to each of these questions:

  • How would you describe the negatives in comparison to the Normal Exposed negative at Normal Development (processed in step IV)?
  • How would you summarize the effect of varying exposure upon the negative?
  • How would you summarize the effect of varying development upon the negative?
  • What four factors control and affect development?

Submit all negatives and the written summary to Pradip by 8 AM on Thursday, January 21, outside Carnegie 305. All material must be in a 3-ring binder with your name clearly marked on the outside of the binder.

Film Development – due Feb. 11, 8:00 AM

Read Horenstein ch. 10, and the Silver Gelatin Print Processing Sequence handout.

Remember to write down detailed printing notes and lightly pencil a corresponding number reference on the reverse of your print. Only proceed to the next stage after succesfully completing a step.

Make contact prints of each of the five negatives (you may use someone else’s negative if yours are technically inadequate – but please make a note of this in your notes and written summary) from the previous assignment, as follows:

I. Print the Normal Exposure / Normal Development negative. Making step tests and test prints, and adjusting all the basic printing parameters (Exposure, Contrast, but NOT Development time which remains at 03:30), arrive at a print that looks almost the same as the Demonstration Print pinned up in the Second floor hallway.

II. Make another print from the Normal Exposure / Normal Development negative exactly as in step I. Both prints from steps I and II should look identical when dry.

III. Print the other four negatives (Normal Exposure / +20% Normal Development, Normal Exposure / -20% Normal Development, Normal Exposure -1.5 stops / Normal Development, Normal Exposure +1.5 stops / Normal Development) with exactly the same contrast, exposure and process sequence as in step I.

IV. Print each of the four negatives (Normal Exposure / +20% Normal Development, Normal Exposure / -20% Normal Development, Normal Exposure -1.5 stops / Normal Development, Normal Exposure +1.5 stops / Normal Development) to look as close to identical as possible as the print from step II. Use all the basic printing parameters (Exposure, Contrast, AND Development time, which may vary from 01:30 to 08:00)

V. Examine all your prints in a bright, even light by arranging them thus:

Printing-Test-Arrangement-261

VI. Write a summary of observations, with specific responses to each of these questions:

Prints from step I and III:

  • How would you describe the prints in comparison to the central Normal Exp / Normal Dev?
  • How would you summarize the effect of varying negative exposure upon the print?
  • How would you summarize the effect of varying negative development upon the print?

Prints from step II and IV:

  • How would you summarize the effect of varying exposure upon the print?
  • How would you summarize the effect of varying development upon the print?
  • What factors control and affect print contrast?
  • What factors control and affect print density (brightness/darkness)

VII. Submit the printed written summary to Pradip by 8 AM on Thursday, February 11, outside Carnegie 305. Pin up both sets of prints, as illustrated above, on the hallway boards in Carnegie, starting from the 3rd floor and moving down to the second if necessary. Label the sets with your name.